Download EBOOK Pope Alexander III (1159-81): The Art of Survival PDF for free


Download EBOOK Pope Alexander III (1159-81): The Art of Survival PDF for free Category: Religion
The author of the book: Professor Anne J. Duggan
Format files: PDF, EPUB, TXT, DOCX
The size of the: 27.66 MB
Language: English
ISBN-13: 9780754662884
Edition: Ashgate Publishing Limited
Date of issue: 30 November 2012

Description of the book "Pope Alexander III (1159-81): The Art of Survival":

Alexander III was one of the most important popes of the Middle Ages. His papacy (1159-81) marked a significant watershed in the history of the Western Church and Society. It was dominated by major political clashes between secular and spiritual authority, in particular his seventeen-year conflict with the German emperor. The papacy and Church emerged as stronger institutions from this struggle largely thanks to Alexander's political acumen and resilience. His pontificate indeed witnessed the extension of papal and Church authority into many areas of life. This was resisted in England by Henry II in his famous struggle against Thomas PDF Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, but Alexander exploited Becket's martyrdom in 1170 in order to defend the Church's claims against the lay power. Under Alexander the Church established and consolidated its jurisdiction over many issues, and a rising number of petitioners across the West sought papal justice. Alexander made many contributions to the law of the Church that had a major impact on Western society, notably on marriage. He also extended papal authority at the peripheries of the West, such as Spain, Northern Europe and the Holy Land. Despite his achievements, no biography of Alexander has appeared since ePub 1956; a reassessment of his papacy is thus long overdue. This volume fulfills this need. It brings together thirteen essays by distinguished experts that review existing scholarship and present new research and perspectives on his papacy. It will be essential reading for all those interested in the Church, politics and society of the medieval West.

Download EBOOK Pope Alexander III (1159-81): The Art of Survival PDF for free


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Professor Anne J. Duggan

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Download EBOOK Pope Alexander III (1159-81): The Art of Survival PDF for free



Download EBOOK Pope Alexander III (1159-81): The Art of Survival for free

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